How to Choose a Proven Type of Juicers: 2021 Overview
Over time, as technology develops, type of juicers becomes more diverse and complex. Among a sea of juicers, centrifugal juicer, masticating juicer, and cold press juicer are the 3 most common and versatile product lines.
So, what are the differences between masticating vs centrifugal juicer, and what makes a cold press juicer an outstanding choice?
The article below will not only provide the features and benefits comparison between these popular juicers but also list down their disadvantages so you can avoid picking the wrong type of juicers for your specific needs. Let’s find out.
Masticating vs Centrifugal vs Cold press: The common type of juicers 2021
Comparison at a glance
|Centrifugal Juicer||Masticating Juicer|
(aka Home Cold Press Juicer)
|Commercial Cold Press Juicer|
|Working principles||Centrifugal forces||Masticating forces||High pressure (pneumatic or hydraulic)|
|Ingredients||Mostly hard fruits and vegetables||Both hard and soft fruits, depending on model||All kinds of fruits, leafy greens and vegetables|
|Speed||Very high (up to 10,000 RPM)||Slow (40-80 RMP)||Not applicable (high pressing pressure, no rotation)|
|Heat impact||High, which makes the juice degrade quickly||Low, longer storage time (up to 72 hours in the fridge)||Low, longest storage time (up to 72 hours in the fridge and more)|
|Cleaning||Slightly troublesome||Easy, some models have self-cleaning function||Easy|
|Juice Quality||Fair||Good||Very Good|
|Juice Yield||Fair||High||Very High|
|Noise||Moderate (depending on model)||Low||Low|
|Price||Relatively low (100-300)||Moderate (200-500)||High (up to 1000 or more)|
|Suitable for||Beginner level|
Individual or casual user
Family and juice bar
Among these 3 popular types of juicers, centrifugal and masticating juicers are the most common thanks to their relatively budget price.
Centrifugal juicer is a type of juicers that grinds and cuts fruit using centrifugal forces generated from high-speed rotation. They normally possess a sharp metal blade inside a metal sieve.
This blade spins at a very high speed to squeeze and separates all the water from the pressed fruits. Finally, the sieve will stop the pulp and allow the juice to pass through it.
This type of juicer is most advantageous in situations where you need to squeeze hard fruits. Some examples can be apples, carrots, radishes among others. However, the centrifugal juicer is not very efficient when it comes to juicing vegetables or soft fruit with high water content.
Sometimes, the juice is not completely drained out from fruit even with the high-speed setting. In this case, you can take the residue and return it to the machine one more time to squeeze out a little more water.
Centrifugal juicer vs blender (to juicing vs smoothies): even though both use centrifugal forces, a juicer needs a stronger centrifugal force to separate the juice from the pulp. Some centrifugal juicers can rotate at a very high speed, up to 2400 rpm. For this reason, this type of juicer is known as the fast press.
However, as a compromise for high juicing speed, noise is a typical characteristic of a centrifugal juicer. Specifically, even the high-end machine can be noisy, and the cheap models may also vibrate when pressing hard fruit. Moreover, more heat is generated by the machine due to extreme spinning.
Theoretically, this heat causes a loss of nutrients in the juice and also produces more foam, and makes the taste less fresh than juices made with slow presses, such as masticating juicer or cold press juicer. The juice made from the centrifugal juicer is also dehydrated much faster than the slow juicer.
The machine is easy to assemble, and the price is usually quite cheap too. The lowest-priced model is below $ 100. On the other side, high-end models typically cost between $ 200 and up to $ 400.
Advantages of this type of juicers
- Most centrifugal juicers have high speeds that are far superior to those of other models. Therefore, its pressing performance, including output and speed, is impressive. The pressing output of this machine can be 2 to 3 times higher than that of a slow juicer. With that, you can save a lot of time for a daily delicious cup of juice.
- Economic benefits: centrifugal juicers are designed with a large feeder mouth to handle many bulky and hard vegetables. Therefore, you will not need to cut fruit into different pieces before putting it in the press. Therefore, this juicer type is especially suitable for specialized restaurants where large amounts of the juice are needed every day.
- The price range of this type of juicer is relatively affordable, ranging from $ 100 to $ 400. In general, when compared to slow juicers, even high-end centrifugal juicers are still slightly cheaper. So, if you do not have a big budget and just have a typical juicing requirement (mostly hard fruit without much concern for vitamins and such), a centrifugal juicer is the right choice.
Disadvantages of this type of juicers
- The centrifugal juicer is quite difficult to clean because of its bulky size. Sometimes, it must be disassembled to clean, and is quite time-consuming.
- In exchange for powerful engines, these machines often make a lot of noise during operation, which can create some discomfort in the environment around you.
- Another downside that you need to keep in mind is that too much pressure and rotation speed lead to heat being generated during the pressing process. Therefore, important nutrients such as organic vitamins and minerals can be lost or damaged during the juicing process.
- Also, you will find it difficult to use this machine to squeeze soft fruits such as bananas, dragon fruits, and some other fruits. This is also one of the biggest disadvantages of centrifugal juicers.
The masticating juicer has just been around recently, but there are already hundreds of models on the market. The machine uses either a single rotating spiral shaft or double rotating screws to squeeze the fruit against a cover screen.
During the process, it masticates the fruits (hence the name: masticating juicer) and vegetables while squeezes the water away from the residue. It then uses a filter to retains the residue and pushes the water through the net, then sends them out into two separate exits.
A masticating juicer normally uses a much slower speed, around 30 to 90 rpm, compared to a centrifugal juicer. Hence, it is also known as a slow press.
A centrifugal juicer cannot juice succulent fruits and soft vegetables effectively. On the contrary, these are tasks that the slow press specialized in. It can juice these fruits and vegetables comfortably thanks to the slow masticating principles. What’s more? Due is its slow speed, heat is not generated excessively, so the juice quality is higher.
You will get almost all of the nutritious content from the fruits such as vitamins and minerals without worrying about oxidation and degradation. Not only that, the juice produced from this type of juicer is usually thicker, fresher, and stays longer.
It’s called a slow press due to its working principle, but that doesn’t mean you will have to wait long for a glass of juice. Pressing time is only about 1.5 to 2 times longer than centrifugal juicer for the same output volume of juice.
Today’s slow presses have many brands in different segments. Low-cost models may cost only around $ 100-200 dollars; but some high-end models may cost much more, up to $ 500 – 600.
Advantages of this type of juicers – slow juicer vs fast juicer (masticating juicer vs centrifugal juicer)
- A masticating juicer can generate a better juice yield than a centrifugal counterpart. It works by masticating principle through shaft rotation, which can squeeze the maximum amount of water out of the fruit. Moreover, the juice produced from this type of juicer is usually more concentrated and richer in nutritious content.
- Unlike centrifugal juicers, this type of machine usually has a smaller and simpler construction, making it much easier for the user to clean. Some products also have a semi-automatic cleaning mechanism to assist you with the cleaning process.
- Other advantages feature that makes the difference between masticating vs centrifugal juicer is its low-heat generation. It reduces the destruction of vitamins in the fruit, thereby preserving the quality of the finished juice.
- Lastly, if expensive and dedicate soft fruit and vegetable, such as dragon fruit, is common in your recipe, a masticating juicer is a better choice.
Disadvantages of this type of juicer
- Masticating juicer is slightly more expensive, so it is not suitable for those who have a tight budget.
- The juicing speed can be slow compared to a centrifugal juicer
Vertical vs horizontal masticating juicer
The masticating juicer can come in 2 types: horizontal and vertical shaft. Among them, the most popular on the market today is the vertical variant. The horizontal shaft has a slightly slower speed than the vertical shaft and the feeding tube is usually smaller, so it takes a longer time to prepare the fruit.
However, the horizontal shaft can squeeze hard fruits and vegetables better than the vertical version, making it a good choice if they are your main juicing ingredient.
Single shaft vs Twin gear juicer (dual shaft press)
The dual-shaft press product line is not common in the market. It is usually reserved for those who specialize in juicing leaves and greens vegetables. The machine has two screws assembled very close together and in contact with each other by closely fitted gears. When the fruit is fed into the machine, these two shafts rotate and crush the ingredients into very small grains.
Then, it extracts the juice and leaves the dry residue out. The machine is especially effective in juicing a mixture of green vegetables and hard ingredients like carrots and pumpkins. However, the dual shaft machine is not the best candidate for soft and succulent fruits.
With the double-shaft press, the pressing process has a slightly higher speed than the single-shaft press (the slow press machine mentioned above). And like the single-shaft juicer, the dual-shaft juicer can come with many accessories to perform other functions, such as making noodles, grinding flour from nuts, and cutting vegetables.
Most of the double shaft juicer is large and heavy in size and is more expensive. You can hardly find a model that costs less than $ 500, and it’s mostly only suitable for specialty stores.
Cold press juicer
Even though the term “cold press juicer” is thrown around the juicing industry, it refers to the traditional type of juicers where fruits and vegetables are pressed together by very high pressure from either a hydraulic or pneumatic force (hence, “cold press”). It is often called two steps juicers, as ingredients must be chopped into small pieces before pressing.
In exchange for this complexity, this juicer provides one of the best juice quality on the market. Since it mimics the hand-pressing action, there is virtually no solid pulp mixed in with the juice.
As a result, the juicer is much brighter, smooth, consistent, and without foamy bubbles. Moreover, the sedimentation of solid is much slower, making it lasts much longer compared to juice produced from another type of juicers.
It is often easy to clean the juicer, as it only involves cleaning the 2 main pressing surfaces. Even though it may be a little more pricy, it is the best choice if juice quality is your main concern.
Advantages of this type of juicers
- Best juice quality, both in term of appearance and flavor, are produced by pressing ingredient as extremely high pressure.
- The cold press juicer produces juice with the longest shelf-life and the smallest amount of separation and sedimentation.
- The juicer is very easy to clean thanks to its simple structure.
Disadvantages of this type of juicer
- The ingredients must be prepared in advance to use this juicer type. Cold-press using high pressure also pose a safety concern.
- The price tag is high compared to other types of juicers, so it is only a suitable choice if budget is no a concern.
The above is our full article on the different types of juicers with their working principle as well as their advantages and disadvantages. Between cold press vs centrifugal juicer, we should choose centrifugal juicer if the price is the main concern.
Between a cold press vs masticating juicer, a cold press is a better choice if juice sedimentation and shelf-life is the main concern. Between a masticating vs centrifugal juicer, you should choose a suitable option depending on your needs (type of fruits, juicing speeds, the cleaning method, and so on).
We hope you can gain a lot of information from this article to find the most suitable type of juicers for your specific needs.